Kahuzi Biega National Park

Gorilla Habituation Safaris as an Activity by Potential Visitors


Gorilla Habituation Safari Experience in Rwanda , Uganda and DR congo

Uganda and Rwanda in particular have several mountain gorilla families habituated for purposes of tourism and research. The process of mountain gorilla habituation can take from two to three years to be completed. Habituation in Uganda is done by a group of researchers, who operated under the department of Research and monitoring which is under Uganda Wildlife Authority,

The exercise involves visiting a selected family of wild gorillas every day until it gets used to these researchers. With time, all gorilla individuals are identified in terms of their sex, age and later given names. Once researchers are confident enough that these gorillas can be visited by tourists, they conduct a mock exercise/trips for six to eight months. Once this is successful, then the habituated family is opened for tourism.

Since 1993, about 12 gorilla groups and families have been habituated for tourism and research and of these are Mubare Gorilla group which was habituated and opened for tourism in the same year. Mubare became the first gorilla group to be trekked by tourists which later paved way to other families for habituation. In Buhoma region, two more families were added on to Mubare and these are Rushegura which in most cases is closer to the Park head Quarters and then Habinyanja gorillas group.

In the nearby eastern region of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, three gorilla families are now habituated and they include Bitukura group, Oruzogo and then Kyaguriro which is meant for research. In the southern part of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, there has been lots of dynamics where the few habituated gorilla families have split up to give to new families. In total, Rushaga region has Nshongi, Mishaya, Busingye, Kahungye and Bweza while in Nkuringo, we do have one habituated gorilla family in the names of Nkuringo group.

In Uganda, the body responsible for tourism in the country-Uganda wildlife authority has also included gorilla habituation among the activities clients will start indulging into on their visit to Bwindi impenetrable forest.

The process for gorilla habituation’s experience will start in the morning where the clients will spend more time with the gorilla’s in the park through the process of Gorilla habituation’s experience that will take place in Rushaga which has as many gorilla families that have already habituated, this will be an opportunity for everyone from and around the world to engage in the process given that the spaces are available every day. It needs a mention that every client or tourists who would wish to do this activity book the safari in Advance.

Gorilla habituation experience is very enjoyable that it is unique to the extent of the involvement of Gorilla tracking and at the same time of Gorilla habituation’s experience. Gatatu Safaris as a registered tour and travel company in Uganda will help you book this safari and secure for you a gorilla permit that will lead you for Gorilla habituation experience only and only in Bwindi impenetrable National park in Uganda.

In the Virunga Ranges that are shared between Uganda, Rwanda and Democratic republic of Congo, over 14 gorillas familes have been habituated with one gorilla family called Nyakagezi located in Uganda’s Mgahinga National Park, about 10 or so gorilla groups located in Volocanoes National Park in Rwanda where most of these gorillas are spread in popular volcanic mountains which include Mgahinga, Muhavura, Sabimyo, Karusimbi and Bisoke among others. The other familes habituated for tourism are in Democratic republic of Congo in the extensive Virunga National Park.

Gorilla trekking in Virunga National park is on and off because of the political instabilities that are a characteristic of the eastern part of this vast country.

Lowland Gorilla Safaris in Kahuzi Biega National Park


Lowland Gorilla Trekking in DR Congo- Kahuzi Biega National Park

Kahuzi biega national park was founded in 1939 and later a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980, Kahuzi – Biega National Park remains the last stronghold of the eastern lowland gorillas, numbering around 250 individuals with three habituated families. Dominated by two huge extinct volcanoes (Kahuzi and Biega) this vast area of primary tropical forest is a sprawling park of lush, rolling hills and thick jungle. It is the second most important site of the region for both endemic species and in terms of specific diversity.

Situated near the western bank of Lake Kivu and the Rwandan border, Kahuzi – Biega is a national park protected near Bukavu town in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Everyone is talking about mountain gorillas in Virunga, Volcanoes and Bwindi national parks, but lowland gorillas are even more exciting, worth every dollar to spend an hour deep in the forest with wild Graurer’s lowland gorillas.

Among the 136 species of mammals identified in the park, the eastern lowland gorilla is the most prominent. According to a 2008 status report of the DR of Congo, the park had 125 lowland gorillas, a marked reduction from the figure of 600 gorillas of the pre-1990’s conflict period, and consequently the species has been listed in the endangered list. The park is the last refuge of this rare species. According to the census survey of eastern lowland gorillas reported by the Wildlife Conservation Society in April 2011, at least 181 gorillas were recorded in the park.

There are nine gorilla families in Kahuzi Biega. Two are habituated for visitors, Chimanuka and Mugaruka, both named after the dominant male silver back. Chimanuka is the silver back of a large family containing 36 members. Along with him there are 17 females and 18 infants aging from 6 months to 9 years old. The family is famous for having 4 sets of twins, a phenomenon unseen in any Eastern Gorilla populations.

Lowland gorilla trekking tour in Congo is one of the highly rewarding Congo gorilla safaris that will allow you to trek the thrilling Lowland gorillas in Kahuzi Biega National Park. The 3 days gorilla safari to DR. Congo will offer you an opportunity to encounter the lowland gorillas in their natural habitat of Kahuzi Biega National Park- DR Congo if you book with Budget gorilla trekking guide.

Upon your arrival in Kigali international Airport, you will be welcomed by our company representative who will transfer you to Bukavu in Congo. The journey will take you through Butare, where you will have stopover to visit the national museum of Rwanda, the king’s palace in Nyanza, and the Rwanda genocide memorial site. Thereafter, you will proceed with the drive crossing via Cyangugu boarder to Bukavu in Congo. On arrival to Bukavu, you will advance with the drive to your pre – booked lodge in Bukavu for dinner and overnight.

Rise up for early morning breakfast and transfer to the park headquarters for an early morning briefing about the dos and don’ts of budget  gorilla tours in Kahuzi Biega National park. The visit includes a security briefing and a small story about the gorillas that live there and then you go for a walk with a park ranger to see them. After briefing, you will head for the unforgettable adventure of tracking the lowland gorillas in Kahuzi Biega National park. Trekking lowland Gorillas offers unique experience of its own and it usually takes 1-4 hours while observing and watching them interact with each other as you take photos and video in their habitat.

Unlike the Mountain Gorillas, the Eastern Lowland Gorillas are larger in size with gigantic hands, short muzzle and stocky body presenting a more exciting experience. After one memorable hour of encounter with the lowland gorillas, you will retire back to the lodge for lunch and relaxation. After lunch, embark on an afternoon nature walk in the Kahuzi Biega Park. Retreat from the activity and spend the rest of the day at leisure enjoying the lodge

You can also visit Lwiro Primate Rehabilitation Centre (CPRL) located close to the park headquarters.  A visit to the sanctuary can be easily combined with a gorilla trek in a day trip from Bukavu. Ask your tour operator or park staff to arrange a visit to the sanctuary. Entrance for foreigners is $25, which goes directly towards the costs of managing the sanctuary

CRPL takes care of 72 chimpanzees and 92 monkeys of 11 different species, together with parrots, turtles, hyrax and porcupine. All these animals have been victims of poaching and pet trade.

Lwiro Primate Rehabilitation Centre (CPRL) was established in 2002 to provide care and rehabilitation for orphaned primates, while working to ensure their survival in the wild. It is located on the grounds of CRSN, the Congolese Government Scientific Research Centre, which is located in an old Belgian colonial building. The sanctuary works closely with the ICCN and currently cares for 49 chimpanzees and over 60 monkeys. Other activities undertaken include education programs for local people, children, military and tourists. The old Belgian research centre located on the grounds also has some fascinating exhibits.

People & Gorillas in Kahuzi Biega National Park

People & Gorillas in Kahuzi Biega National Park


People & Eastern Lowland gorillas in Kahuzi Biega National Park.

In the famous national park of Kahuzi Biega located in Democratic republic of congo is the home for the eastern lowland gorillas that have been opened for visitors for the last 5 years.

In their natural habitat, Eastern Lowland gorillas come into contact with humans from time to time. Humans have hunted gorillas in democratic republic of congo  probably ever since they came to live in the same habitat, but over the past decades the relationship between people and gorillas has become more multifaceted till various conservation groups and local organizations like pole pole foundation .


In Some parts of the park Eastern lowland gorillas have been habituated to the presence of humans and that’s what makes Gorilla trekking in congo as an interesting safari activity in kahuzi biega national park, as the work is progressing slows in habituation , that’s the reason as to why the gorilla families are also increasing in number that are open to be visited by travelers.

The Increased relationship between the people and the gorillas has been seen more even in the afforestation of the deforested part of the Park to increase the home for the endangered Eastern Lowland gorillas in Kahuzi Biega National Park.

Kahuzi Biega National Park

Gorilla Habituation Experiences


Many Travelers and visitors are increasingly coming to Kahuzi Biega National Park for Eastern lowland gorilla trekking but do they know the habituation difference between the Eastern lowland gorillas and Mountain gorillas found in Virunga Massif? Kahuzi Biega national Park guide has written this article to guide visitors and learn more about the difference in habituation of the gorillas to be visited.

Info Upcoming

Mount Kahuzi Climbing mouse

Mount Kahuzi climbing mouse


The Mount Kahuzi climbing mouse (Dendromus kahuziensis) is a rodent found only in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and it can be spotted in Kahuzi Biega National Park , visitors seeking watching the Mount kahuzi Climbing mouse.

Like other climbing mice, this species has a remarkably long, semi-prehensile tail, which is thought to help it grasp twigs and branches whilst climbing. Virtually nothing is known about the habits of this species. It is known from just two specimens collected from localities 100 m apart. Other surveys in the area have failed to find the species, suggesting that is rare and has a narrow range. It is thought to be threatened by habitat loss brought about by fire and illegal logging.

It is listed as a critically endangered species due to illegal logging; it is also threatened by fire. Only two specimens have ever been found. Both were found within 100m of each other on Mount Kahuzi. Its body length (excluding tail) is 50-100mm and its tail length is 65-132mm. Its habitat is tropical forests, and to navigate these forests it may use its semi-prehensile tail to hold on to tree branches. Its markings are brownish on the top and white to yellow on its underside, with strongly dark rings around its eyes. As with other Dendromus, it has three well defined toes.


Little is known about the ecology of this species. It may be arboreal – as its common name suggests, it is probably a good climber, using its long semi-prehensile tail to grasp twigs and branches. The animals are thought to be primarily nocturnal, spending the hours of daylight in small spherical nests of shredded vegetation. Most related species build their nests off the ground, although some are known to nest in underground burrows. The diet probably consists of seeds, berries, insects, small lizards, bird’s eggs and nestlings. The litter size of other species in this group is 2-8.

Kahuzi Biega National Park

Threats to the Eastern lowland gorillas in Kahuzi Biega


Threats to the survival of Eastern Lowland gorillas in Kahuzi Biega National Park

kahuzi biega national parkThe Famous Kahuzi biega national Park is located in Eastern Democratic republic of congo with the nearest Town being Bukvau , its known to the home for the endangered Eastern Lowland gorillas in the entire world. Kahuzi Biega National Park in congo is the only destination where visitors come from allover the world to explore the eastern Lowland gorillas.

Kahuzi Biega Eastern Lowland Gorillas are Set in both mountainous and lowland terrain, it is one of the last refuges of the rare species of Eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri), an endangered category under the IUCN Red List. The park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, inscribed in 1980 for its unique biodiversity of rain forest habitat and its eastern lowland gorillas.

Eastern lowland gorillas are critically endangered, although they face different threats.

Kahuzi Biega National Park Gorillas are closely related to humans, with similar anatomical and physiological features. This makes them vulnerable to many of the same diseases. Because the gorillas have not developed the necessary immunities, first time exposure to an illness or virus that is relatively innocuous to humans may devastate an entire population. Gorillas live in small groups that may never recover from a sudden fall in numbers brought on by disease. Any human contact is potentially harmful, even life-threatening  and its from this point that kahuzi Biega has gorilla trekking rules and regulations, Visitors to the park are advised to leave out Gorilla trekking  incase he or she is having some illness and the park will refund you the gorilla permit fee.

As gorillas are very sensitive to changes in their environment, the mere presence of humans can be a threat. Even in the Kahuzi biega national park gorillas are continually disturbed: cattle herds, loggers, collectors of grass and honey, smugglers and poachers are active in the national parks in spite of strict laws by the ICCN .

Poachers set traps, in particular wire snares, in order to catch duikers (forest antelopes). However, gorillas get into the snares too and often they don’t succeed in removing the wire. In such a case they can lose a hand or a foot, or even die from gangrene. Vets are sometimes able to remove the snares in those gorilla groups habituated to people.

The hunting pressure on Eastern Lowland gorillas is very high. They are still killed for their meat by the local human population, even if this is illegal. In addition, local hunters and farmers often kill gorillas because they raid the fields. One gorilla group can destroy the whole harvest.

Another problem is the increasing destruction of the Eastern Lowland gorillas’ habitat. The deforestation of the rain forests leads to the isolation of small forest islands, which the animals cannot leave any more because there is no adequate habitat close-by.

However, forests still are disturbed through timber harvest by logging companies and cleared to make way for cultivation. Roads, initially built to transport the timber, subsequently facilitate the settlement of the forest. In its turn, this leads to increased hunting to provide the workers with food and slash-and-burn cultivation.This was evidenced during the interaction with the local communities staying in the near by areas that was once park land, don’t miss to land on this kid of information during the guided nature walks in Kahuzi Biega National Park while on a Congo gorilla trekking tour book either through a tour operator or Kahuzi Biega National Park official Website.

Are Eastern Lowland Gorillas dangerous to people?

Generally, Eastern Lowland gorillas are not very shy  like the case for the mountain gorillas and reserved towards people as the habituation experience that was used by Adrien Deschryver in the Kahuzi-Biega National Park as he always looked in the eyes of silverback gorillas . They will attack only if they are surprised or threatened or if a person behaves in the wrong way.

If the human makes an unexpected movement, the silverback male can react with horrific roaring and bluff charges. This means that he runs straight to the victim with great speed and stops just in front of him, sometimes at a distance of only 1 m. If the person then behaves submissively by crouching down and looking  in the eyes of the gorilla, he has nothing to fear. However, if he runs away instead, the excited gorilla is provoked even further: He will follow the fugitive and bite him into the body part he can seize first, most frequently a leg or buttock. The result of such an attack usually is a deep wound.

kahuzi biega national park

What to Know About Kahuzi Biega National Park


In Democratic republic of congo is the country where the famous Kahuzi Biega National Park is located in the south kivu , its the only destination where Eastern Lowland gorilla trekking is done in the entire world as these primates are only found in Democratic republic of congo.

Kahuzi Biega National Park  Facts .

Kahuzi-Biega National Park is an exceptional habitat for the protection of the rain forest and the eastern lowland gorillas, Gorilla berengei graueri. Extending over 600,000 ha, are dense lowland rain forests as well as Afro-montane forests, with bamboo forests and some small areas of sub-alpine prairies and heather on Mounts Kahuzi (3,308 m) and Biega (2,790 m).

The Park contains a flora and fauna of exceptional diversity, making it one of the most important sites in the Rift Albertine Valley, it is also one of the ecologically richest regions of Africa and worldwide. In particular, the most important world population of eastern lowland gorillas (or de Grauer), sub-species endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and listed under the endangered category on the IUCN Red Data Book, uses the mosaic of habitats found in the property.

Kahuzi-Biega National Park contains a greater diversity of mammal species than any other site in the Albertine Rift. It is the second most important site of the region for both endemic species and in terms of specific diversity. The Park protects 136 species of mammals, among which the star is the eastern Lowland gorilla tours in Congo and thirteen other primates, including threatened species such as the chimpanzee, the colubus bai and cercopiuthic of Hoest and Hamlyn.

Other extremely rare species of the eastern forests of the DRC are also found, such as the giant forest genet (Genetta victoriae) and the aquatic genet (Genetta piscivora). Characteristic mammals of the central African forests also live in the Park, such as the bush elephant, bush buffaloes, hylochere and bongo.

The property is located in an important endemism zone (Endemic Bird Area) for birds identified by Bird life International. The Wildlife Conservation Society established a complete list of birds in the Park in 2003 with 349 species, including 42 endemic. Also, the Park was designated as a centre of diversity for plants by IUCN and WWF in 1994, with at least 1,178 inventoried species in the highland zone, although the lowland yet remains to be recorded.

The Park is one of the rare sites of sub-Saharan Africa where the flora and fauna transition from low to highlands is observable. In effect, it includes all the stages of forest vegetation from 600 m to more than 2,600 m, dense low and middle altitude rain forests to sub-mountain to mountain and bamboo forests. Above 2,600 m at the summit of Mounts Kahuzi and Biega, sub-alpine vegetation has developed, with heather, and home to the endemic plant Senecio kahuzicus. The Park also contains plant formations, rare worldwide, such as the swamp and bog altitudes and the marshland and riparian forests on hydromorphic ground at all altitudes.


Congo safari packing list

Packing List for Kahuzi Biega National Park Safari


Planning for a Safari Holiday to Kahuzi Biega national Park located in South Kivu in the itombwe mountains? Dont miss to pack right for the great Congo Gorilla Trekking & kahuzi Biega Mountains hike holiday booked through the Kahuzi Biega National Park or a Reliable tour Operator in Africa? Enjoy the great facts about Congo gorilla trek Guide to help you prepare for the gorilla trekking adventure in Africa with Congo Safari Companies.

Congo Safari Guide: Gorilla Trek in Africa, Journey to Democratic republic of congo!!

You’ve done it… You’ve finally decided to book your Gorilla Trek to Africa with Reliable tour operator either based in Rwanda or Congo. You’ve most likely been planning for a while now – reading about various Gorilla trekkers’ past experiences, reviewing different tour companies, heading to the gym for the occasional leg workout, and Googling photos of Kahuzi Biega National Park for inspiration. You stop for a moment to let the realisation sink in – you’re really going to hike the Water fall Trail – and you feel at peace. Until it hits you – you have no idea what belongs on a proper  Kahuzi Biega packing list.

But don’t fret. As always, we’re here to help you prepare for your Gorilla Safari trek in any way we can. And packing? Well that’s pretty simple!

When it comes to creating the perfect Kahuzi Biega packing list, some items are pretty obvious, while others might not be so readily apparent to the novice trekker when its the first time to visit the Eastern Lowland gorillas. For good measure, we’re going to include the things you need from both of these categories, as what’s obvious for one person might not always be obvious for another.

Essential Kahuzi Biega Packing List

1. Your Passport

You’ll of course need your passport to get into Democratic republic of congo, but you’ll also need your passport when Registering for the gorilla trekking & Permit Booking.  There’s an official government checkpoint that works to enforce the strict limits on how many visitors can watch the gorillas per day, and for every foreigner beginning a trek it is required that a passport be shown.

An optional passport stamp is also offered, and it’s a very cool way by which to remember your trip.  Because you can’t even begin the trek without it, your passport is an absolute necessity on your congo packing list!

2. Proper Hiking Attire

First of all, keep in mind that you will either be showering just once or not at all during your four-day trek.  This means that you are certainly going to want an ample supply of underwear and socks – the articles of clothing that tend to get dirty the fastest and are the most miserable to put on unclean for a second time!

As far as other attire goes, the most important thing to keep in mind is that you want clothes that you can layer.  The temperature is going to differ quite intensely from daytime to nighttime, and your own body heat is going to spike during intense trekking and drop while you relax.  You need clothes that can handle all of these situations.

Ideally, you’ll have hiking/athletic pants that can zip off into shorts if necessary.  You should bring both short and long-sleeved shirts, and also a light jacket.  You should also have some cold weather gear for the nights, including hats, gloves, and scarves – especially if you’re designing your gorilla trekking packing list for the colder parts of the year.

3. Proper Footwear

Whether you choose to bring hiking boots or a hiking shoe/boot hybrid, absolutely make sure they’re waterproof!  There’s a good chance you’ll experience some rain or mud at some point during your trek, even if you’re visiting during the dry season.

When it comes to choosing between boots and shoes for your congo safari packing list, consider this: boots provide more ankle support while shoes are significantly more lightweight.

And one last footwear recommendation – make sure whatever you’re wearing fits well and is somewhat worn in, as blisters on a four-day trek are no fun at all.

4. Other Waterproof Goods

Once again, even if you’re trekking during the dry season, don’t forget the rain gear!  A poncho or rain jacket as well as some plastic bags to separate your wet clothes from your dry ones are absolute musts for your congo packing list.

5. Water Bottles/Snacks

Though food and water will be supplied by your tour company, you’re more than likely to find yourself thirsty or with some hunger pangs as you trek throughout the day.  These will help to keep you going until it’s time to stop for a meal.

6. First-Aid Kit/Personal Medications

Once again, your guides should hopefully carry a first-aid kit with them at all times.  That being said, it can’t hurt to carry a basic first-aid kit on your person during your Inca Trail trek!

Basic medications for stomach problems and the like as well as any medications that you specifically need to take should also of course not be forgotten

Once Planning for a Gorilla tour to congo through a reliable tour operator, the trusted safari companies will send you a complete safari wear for congo safari.

Africa Safari Companies Listing| RwandaTour Operators


Planning a Gorilla Trek or Rwanda Safari Holiday, Looking for a reliable Tour operator to enable you enjoy Rwanda Safari holiday including Gorilla Trekking , Wildlife Safari, Cultural tours, Visit to Congo Nile trails . Find the complete list Trusted Rwanda Safari companies that work in strongly in line with the requirements of Rwanda Development Board & RTTA( Rwanda Tours & Travel Association) to make that you achieve value for money on Rwanda Safari holiday.

We have compiled a list of reliable tour operators in Rwanda whom you can contact to plan your perfect gorilla trekking excursion in Volcanoes national park.

Active African Vacations
Tell: +256-774819223
Website: www.vacation-safaris.com
Entebbe Road, Najja Shopping centre

Africa Adventure Safaris
Tell: +256-784-445-444
Cell: +1760-807-1456
Website: www.rwandagorillassafari.com
Hoima Road, Seven Sisters House

Ultimate gorilla Expeditions
Website: www.primatesafaris-rwanda.com
Airport road Remera.

Gorilla Expeditions
Mob:+256 392 613687
Tel: +256414 580794
Website: www.gorillaexpeditions.com
Plot 19 Bukoto Street, Kampala Uganda

Abacus Africa Vacations
Tel:+256-772-331322, +256- 712-331332
Website: www.abacusvacations.com
Plot 194 Mobutu Road, Kizungu Zone, Makindye, Kampala
P.O.Box 34944

Enjoy Rwanda Safaris
Website: www.enjoyrwandasafaris.com

Adventure Trails Limited
Mobile: 0392-842044
Office: 031-2261930
Website: www.rwandasafaris.co.uk
Email: info@rwandasafaris.co.uk
Plot 194 Mobutu Road, Kizungu Zone, Makindye, Kampala
P.O.Box 34944

Rwanda Gorilla Trek
Website: www.rwandagorillatrek.com
Kigali – RWANDA

African Fusion Travel
Telephone: +27 71 382 1966
Telephone: +27 21 788 2429
Website: www.africanfusiontravel.com/
Email: contact@africanfusiontravel.com

Access Rwanda Safaris Ltd
Telephone: (+ 250) 08524799
Telephone: (+ 250) 08744129
E-mail: accessrwandaprimate@yahoo.com
Web: www.access-rwanda-safaris.com

Thousand Hills Expeditions
Tel: 0250 505151
Fax: 0250 505252
E-mail: info@thousandhills.rw
Web: www.thousandhills.rw
BP 3090 Kigali- Rwanda

Volcanoes Safaris
Tel: +256 41 346464/5, +44 207 235 7897
E-mail: salesrw@volcanoessafaris.com
Web: www.volcanoessafaris.com
P.O BOX 1321, Kigali

Maranatha Tours & Travel
Tel: +256 414 231454
Mobile Tel: +256 772 636412
Email: info@adventureugandasafaris.com
Website: www.adventureugandasafaris.com

International Tours And Travel Ltd
Tel: 0250 574057 /578831/2
Fax: 0250 575582
E-mail: itt@rwanda1.com
Web: www.itt.co.rw
SORAS Building, Boulevard de la Revolution

Gorilla Cousins Rwanda
Kigali – Rwanda
Tell: +256 756 489 052

Wild Frontiers
Tel: +27 11 7022935
Fax: +27 11 4681655
E-mail: wildfront@icon.co.za
Web: www.wildfrontiers.com
Halfway House 1685
South Africa

Gorilla Trek Rwanda
Kigali, Rwanda
Tel: +250 784 294537
Email: info@gorillatrekrwanda.com
Website: www.gorillatrekrwanda.com

Lets Go Tours Rwanda
KN 5 Rd, Airpot, Remeera,
P.O Box 561
Kigali, Rwanda
Tel: +250 788 461913
Email: info@rwandasafariafrica.com
Website: www.rwandasafariafrica.com

Go Rwanda Safaris
Kimathi Avenue,
P.O Box 5421
Tel: +256 701 106 004

AA Safaris and Tours Ltd
Suite F4 Sarah Mall, Old Kampala Road
Tell: +256-414-250-018
Cell: +256-782-839273

Silverback Gorilla Trekking
Mobile: +256 772 636412

Nyiragongo Volcano

Gorilla Trekking & Hiking Virunga Mountains in Africa


We present to you an authentic Guide to Virunga Mountains the home for the mountain Gorillas & Gorilla Trekking adventures in Africa, Guide to Mount Nyiragongo hiking,how to go gorilla trekking & Nyiragongo Hike, Congo safaris, Gorilla tours in congo, Reliable Tour Operators.

Virunga Mountains, Virunga also spelled Birunga, also called Mufumbiro Mountains , volcanic range north of Lake Kivu in east-central Africa, extending about 50 miles (80 km) along the borders of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda. The range runs east-west, perpendicular to the rift valley in which lie Lakes Kivu and Edward. Of its eight major volcanic peaks, the highest is Karisimbi, at 14,787 feet (4,507 metres). The name Virunga (“Volcanoes”), probably of Swahili derivation, has prevailed over the earlier Mufumbiro (“That Which Cooks”), which is still used in Uganda. Individual volcanoes bear Rwandan descriptive names, such as Sabinio (Sabinyo; “Old Man with Large Teeth”) and Muhavura (“Landmark,” or “Guide”).

The mountain range consists of eight major volcanoes. Most of them are dormant, except Mount Nyiragongo 3,462 metres (11,358 ft) and Mount Nyamuragira 3,063 metres (10,049 ft), both in the DRC. Recent eruptions occurred in 2006 and in January 2010. Mount Karisimbi is the highest volcano at 4,507 metres (14,787 ft). The oldest mountain is Mount Sabyinyo, which rises 3,634 metres (11,923 ft) above sea level.

The six volcanoes of the centre and east are extinct. Mikeno and Sabinio are the oldest of these, dating from the early part of the Pleistocene Epoch (the Pleistocene began about 2,600,000 years ago and lasted until about 11,700 years ago); their craters have disappeared, and erosion has imposed a jagged relief. Karisimbi, Visoke, Mgahinga, and Muhavura appeared, all but Karisimbi possessing a crater summit. The crater of Muhavura contains a small lake. Not more than 20,000 years ago Nyiragongo and Nyamulagira emerged at the western end of the chain, both with extensive craters.

The main crater of Nyiragongo is about three-quarters of a mile (1.2 km) across and contains a liquid lava pool. The lava field of these two volcanoes has remained active, with notable eruptions occurring in 1912, 1938, 1948, the 1970s, and 2002. On several occasions a lava stream reached the shores of Lake Kivu. The 2002 Nyiragongo eruption destroyed much of the nearby city of Goma, Congo, leaving thousands homeless.